Aerospace Kunye Nokuhamba Ngenqwelomoya

Aerospace Kunye Nokuhamba Ngenqwelomoya

I-aliuminum itharhwa njengesinyithi esivumela abantu Ukuba babhabhe。Ikhaphukhaphu,Yomelele Kwaye Iguqujqukayo,Isenza Sisixhobo Esifanelekileyo Sokwenza Inqwelo Moya Enzima Kunomoya。Kukho Isizathu Sokuba I-Aluminum Yaziwa Ngokuba“Yintsimbi Enamaphiko”Kwezinye Izangqa。Phakathi Kwe-75 Kunye Ne-80 Yepesenti Yenqwelomoya Yanamhlanje Yanamhlanje Yenengewe Ngealuminium,Kwaye Enyanisweni,Ialiuiqala ukusetyziswa Kwindiza ngaphami Kokuyilwa Kwenqwelomoya。yile ndlela u-count ferdinand zeppelin enza ngayo isakhelo senqwelomoya eyaziwayo ngaphandle kweluminium。uqhekeko olwalubeka isiseko sokuhamba ngenqwelomoya okwenzeka ngo-1903,xa abazalwana bakawright babhabha iflyer-1 yabo。Inqwelomoya yokuqala enokuhamba ngenqwelomoya enobunzima obungaphezu komoya。Iinjini zeemoto Zelo Xesha Zazinzima Kakhulu Ukubonelela Ngokwaneleyo Ukuba Inqwelo-Moya isuke。Ke Ngoko,Injini Ekhethekileyo Yakhelwe Inqwelomoya I-Flier-1,Eyayineendawo EzinjengeBhokisi Yesilinda Eyenziwe Ngealuminium。

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Inqwelo-Moya Yokuqala Etomthi Qu Yafaka Endaweni Yomthi,I-Aluminiyamu,Intsimbi Kunye Nezinye Izinto,Kunye Nomyili Weenqwelomoya Odumileyo Wasejamani uhugo Schwartz的Amashumi Amane Ngo-1917。I-Fusegage yokuqala yentsimbi ehlabathini yakhiwe nge-aluminum elukhuni,i-alizoily,ubhedu(4.5%),kunye ne-magnesium(4.5%)。(1.5%)Kunye Ne Manganese(0.5%)。Le Alloy Eyodwa Yaveliswa Ngo-1909 Ngu-Alfred Wilm,Naye Wafumanisa Ukuba“Inganxiba”,进入Ethetha Ukuba Iya Isomelela Kakhulu Emva Konyango Olude Lobushushu。

Ukusukela ngoko,Iialiyam iyeyona No iphambili Kwimveliso Yoshishino Lwenqwelo Moya。Ukubunjwa kwe-aluminium alloys ezisetyenziswe kwiinqwelomoya zitshintshile kwaye iinqwelomoya ziphuculwe, kodwa eyona njongo iphambili yabayili beenqwelomoya ihlala injalo: ukwakha inqwelomoya ekhaphukhaphu kangangoko, inamandla amakhulu, isebenzisa ipetroli encinci kwaye ngomzimba ongarusi.Inqwelomoya Ekhaphukhaphu Kangangoko,Inandla Amakhulu,Isebenzisa Ipetroli Encinci Kwaye Ayina Rusi Emzimbeni。yialuminium evumela iinjineli zezobuchwephesha ukuba zibethe zonke ezi njongo。I-Aluminium isetyenziswa phantse kuyo yonke indawo kwiinqwelomoya zanamhlanje: kwi-fuselage, kwi-trim, kwiipaneli zamaphiko kunye neerudders, kwiinkqubo zokuthintela, kwimingxunya yokukhupha amanzi, kwiibhloko zesondlo, kwimibhobho yokuphindisa, kwiingcango nasemgangathweni, kwi Iifreyimu zezihlalo zokuqhuba kunye nezokukhwela, kwimibhobho yamafutha,Kwinkqubo Ye-Hydraulic,Kwiikholamu Zangaphahathi Zekhabini,Kwiibola Zebhola Zisetyenziswa Kwizixhobo Ze-Cockpit,Kwiinjini Zenjini Nakwezinye Iindwo Ezininzi。I-aliuminum合金ikakhulu Esetyenziselwa Ukusetyenziswa Kwe-Aerospace Zii-2хххххххххххххххххххх7хххххххххххх7хххххх7хххххх7ххххх7ххххх7ххххх7хххххх77ххххх77ххх。uchungechne lwe-2xxx lucetyiswa kwii-alloys ze-7xxx ze-7xxx zisetyenziselwa izinto ezilayishwe kakhulu kwiindawo ezinobushushushushushusetyzisikunye nokusetyziswa apho Kufuneka khona imilinganiselo ephezulu。I-3xxx,5xxx Kunye Ne-6xxx合金Zisetyenziselwa Izinto Ezinomthwalo Ophantsi,Kunye Nokusetyziswa Kwe-Hydraulic,Ioyile Kunye NegeSi。Ukuthambisa Kunye Neenkqubo Zepetri。 I-alloy esetyenziswa kakhulu yi-7075, ene-aluminium, i-zinc, i-magnesium kunye nobhedu. Yeyona yomeleleyo kuzo zonke ialuminiyali kunye neentsimbi ezikhuphisanayo kule nkalo, kodwa sisinye kwisithathu kuphela ubunzima bentsimbi.

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//www.madcropper.com/aerospace-andu-aviation/

I-Alloy Esetyenziswa Kakhulu yi-7075,Ene-aliolum,I-Zinc,I-Magnesium Kunye Nobhedu。Yeyona Yomeleleyo Kuzo Zonke Ialuminiyali Kunye Neentsimbi Ezikhuphisanayo Kule Nkalo,Kodwa Sisinye Kwisithathu Kuphela Ubunzima Bentsimbi。
Iinqwelomoya Ziqokelelwe Kumakhasi Amancinci Kunye Namacandelo Abanjwe Kunye Neerivets。Inani Leeriveti Kwinqwelomoya Linokubaleka Liye Kwizigii。Ezinye Iimodeli Zisebenzisa Iipaneli Ezicinezelweyo Endaweni Yeshiti,Kwaye Inokufikelela Kuphela Kwimida Yepaneli Enjalo Ukuba Kukho Ukuqhekeka。Umzekelo,Amaphiko Eenqwelomoya Ezinkulu emhlabeni,I-An-124-100 Ruslan,Inepaneli Ze-Aluminum Ezisibhozo Ububanzi。Inokuthwala Ukuya Kwiitoni Ezili-120 Zemithwalo。Amaphiko Ayilelwe Ukuqhubeka Nokusebenza Nokuba Neepaneli Ezonakalisiweyo。Namhlanje,Abaqulunqi Beqwelomoya Bafuna Izinto Ezintsha Ezinazo Zonke Izibonelelo Zealuminium Kodwa Zilula。Umgqatswa Wabo Kuphela Yicarbon纤维。Inemisonto Ephakathi Kwe-5 Kunye Ne-15 Yeemicron Ububanzi Kwaye Yenziwe Ikakhulu Ziiamom Zekhabhon。Inqwelomoya yokuqala ene机身眼睛灵芝zizinto eziyanisiweyo yayiyiboeing 787 Dreamliner,Eyayinenqwelomoya yokuqala ngo-2011。 Nangona kunjalo, iinqwelomoya ezidibeneyo zibiza kakhulu ukuvelisa kuneenqwelo moya zealuminium. Ukongeza, ii-carbon composites ngokubanzi aziboneleli ngenqanaba elifunekayo lokhuseleko.

i-aliuminum ayibonisanga ukubaalulekanga kwimveliso ye-aerospace,kodwa ikwasebenza ngokudibanisa ubunzima obuphantsi kunye namandla aphezulu elona ziko liphezulu lesathelayithi yokuqala eyenziiet reweyo,eakqaliswa Esoviet联盟非政府组织-1957,Yayenziwe Ngealuminium合金。Kwiipesenti Ezingama-90 Zealuminium Kwizinto Zazo。i-aliuminum合金isetyziswa kwi-fusereage yesiphekepheke,ifunyenwe kwii-eriyali zeteleskopu zehubble太空望远镜;Iitanki Ze-Hydenge Ezisetyziswa Kwiirokethi Zenziwe Ngealuminium合金,Injam yerokethi Yenziwe Ngealuminium合金,Izinto Zesithuthi Sokumiliselwa Kunye Nesitishi Se-orbital,Kunye Nokubopha Kweepaneli Zelanga Iseli - Zonke Ezi Zinto Zenziwe Ngealuminium Inxubevange Ngealuminium Inxubevange。

Nokuba II-Rocket Boosters Ezomeleleyo Zenziwe Ngealuminium。Ezi Zokunyusa,Ezisetyenziswa Kwinqanaba Lokuqala Lendiza Yokubha,Zibandakanya umgubo Wealminium,IIoksijini(Ezinjengeheheamium perchorate),Kunye Nezibophelli。Umzekelo,Esona Sithuthi Sinamandla emhlabeni Sokuhambisa,Isaturn-5(Enokuthwala Iitoni Ezili-140 Zomthwalo Kwi-Orbit),Ngexesha Lohambo Lwayo Lokujikeleza Iitoni Ezingama-36 Zepowder铝Zatshiswa。

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奥洛纳Ncedo Luphamili Kwialuminumium合金Ezisetyenziswa Kwisiphekepheke Kukukwazi Ukumelana Namaqondo Aphezulu Kunye Neqondo Lobushushu Eliphantsi,Imithwalo yentshukumo Kunye Nemitha。Ukongeza,Baneempawu Zokuqinisa Amaqondo Obushushu Asezantsi,Oko Kuthetha Ukuba Amandla Kunye Nokuguquguquka Kwabo Kuyanda Kuphela Njengoko Iqondo Lobushushu Lincipha。Ezona合金Ziqhelekileyo Ezisetyziswa Kwindawo Ye-Aerospace Zibandakanya ukudityaniswa Kwealinium kunye Neetitanium,Ialuminium kunye nenickel,Kunye Nealuminium,Chromium Kunye Nentsimbi。


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