航空航天uye avhiyesheni

航空航天uye avhiyesheni

铝iNOONEKWA SIMBI INOBVUMIDZA VANHU KUBHURURUKA。Iyo Yakareruka,Yakasimba Uye Inoshanduka-Shanduka,Ichiita Chinhu Chakanakira Kugadzira ndege inorema inorema inorema kupfuura-yemhepo。Pane chikonzero nei铝iChizivikanwa se“ mapapiro esimbi” mune mune mamwe madenderedzwa。Pakati PE75 NE80 Muzana Yendege Yazvino Inogadzirwa Nealuminium,Uyezve,铝Yakatanga Kushandiswa Mukubhuruka ndege isati Yagadzirwa。Aya ndiwo Maitiro Akaitwa计数Ferdinand Zeppelin furemu Yeakurumbira Airship Kunze Kwealuminium。kubudirira kwakaisa hwaro hwekuvhiya kwazvino kwakaitika muna 1903,apo hama dzawright dzakabhururuka flyer-1 yavo。Ndege Yekutanga isingachinjiki Yairema Kupfuura Mweya。Injini dzemotokari dzenguva dzaive dzakanya kurema kupa simba rakaringana kuti ndege isimuke。Naizvozvo,Yakakosha Injini Yakavakirwa Iyo Flier-1 ndege,Yaive Nezvikamu Zvakaita Seye seye cylinder block yakagadzirwa nealuminium。

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Ndege yekutanga yakatsiva zvishoma nezvishoma huni, aruminiyamu, simbi nezvimwe zvinhu, uye mugadziri wendege ane mukurumbira wechiGerman Hugo Schwartz makumi mana muna 1917. Fuselage yekutanga yesimbi yesimbi yakavakwa kubva kualuminium yakaoma, aluminium alloy, mhangura (4.5%), uye zvakare magnesium (4.5%)。(1.5%)Uye锰(0.5%)。Iyi Yakasarudzika合金Yakagadzirwa Muna 1909 Naalfred Wilm,Uyo Akawanawo Kuti Inogona“ Kupfeka”,Zvinoreva Kuti kuti Inova Yakasimba Zvakanyanya Mushure Mushure Mekure Mekurapa kupisa kupisa kwengenguva kwenguva kwenguva kwenguva refu。

Kubva Ipapo,Aruminiyamu Yave Kiyi Yekugadzira Yekushandisa yeindasitiri Yemuchadenga。Kuumbwa kwealuminium alloys anoshandiswa mundiza kwachinja uye ndege dzave nani, asi chinangwa chikuru chevanogadzira ndege chinoramba chakangofanana: kuvaka ndege iri seyakajeka sezvinobvira, iine huwandu hwakanyanya kugona, ichishandisa peturu shoma sezvinobvira uye nemuviri usina ngura.ndege iri yakapfava sezvinobvira,ine huwandu hwakanyanya hunokwanisika,inoshandisa peturu shoma shoma sezvinobvira uye haina ngura ngura ngura pamuviri。Iyo铝Iyo Inobvumidza mainjiniya earionautical kurova zvese izvi zvinangwa。Aluminium inoshandiswa kwese kwese kwendege dzazvino: mune iyo fuselage, mune trim, mumapapiro emapapiro uye ma rudders, mune yekudzivirira masisitimu, mune yekuzadza ducts, mumatombo ezvivharo, Refueling hoses, mumikova nepasi, mune mafuremu ezvigaro zvemutyairi uye zvevapfuuri, mumafuru emafuta, mu hydraulic system,Mumakoramu Emukati Eimba,Mubhora Mabheyaringi anoshandiswa muzviridzwa zvejongwe,Injini dzemagetsi Nedzimwe nedzimwe nzvimbo Zhinji。Aruminiyamu合金Anonyanya kushandiswa kumuchina weaerospace ndeye2ххххххххххххххххххх。2xxx yakateedzana inokurudzirwa kune 7xxx合金Anoshandiswa kune akakurisa zvinhu zvinhu munzvimbo dzakadzika tembiricha tembiricha uye kune kune mafomu mafomu panodiwa ma panodiwa ma电压akakwirira akakwirira。3xxx,5xxx uye 6xxx合金anoshandiswa kune yakaderera-mutoro zvikamu,pamwe neeyo hydraulic,oiri uye uye uye gasi mafomu。润滑Uye Mafuta Masisitimu。Iyo Inonyanya Kushandiswa Chiwanikwa Ndeye 7075,Iyo Ine铝,锌,镁,镁uye Mhangura。 Ndiyo yakasimba pane ese maaluminium alloys uye vanokwikwidza simbi mune izvi, asi inongova chetatu chete huremu hwesimbi.

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//www.madcropper.com/www/aerospace-and-aviation/

Iyo Inonyanya Kushandiswa Chiwanikwa Ndeye 7075,Iyo Ine铝,锌,镁,镁uye Mhangura。Ndiyo Yakasimba Pane ESE Maaluminium合金Uye Vanokwikwidza Simbi Mune Izvi,Asi Inongova inongova chetatu chetatu chete chete chete huremu hwesimbi。
ndege dzakaunganidzwa kubva pamashiti matete uye zvikamu zvakabatwa pamwecheth nemariveti。Huwandu Hwemariveti Mundege Hunogona Kumhanya Mumamirioni。Mamwe Mamodheru anoshandisa akaomeswa mapaneru pachinzvimbo chekunamatira,uye inogona inogona chete kusvika kusvika kumiganhu yepaneru yakadaro yakadaro kana paine kutsemuka。Semuenzaniso, mapapiro en Ndege huru kwazvo inotakura zvinhu pasi rose, iyo An-124-100 Ruslan, inoumbwa nematanhatu masendimita mapfumbamwe e-aluminium mapaneru Inogona kutakura kusvika kumatoni zana nemakumi matanhatu emitoro.Iwo Mapapiro Akagadzirwa kuti arambe achishanda kunyangwe akakanganiswa mapaneru。nhasi,vagadziri vendege vari kutsvaga chinhu chitsva chine zvese zvakanakira aruminiyamu asi chakareruka。Ivo Chete Mukwikwidzi Kabhoni纤维。inosanganisira tambo dziri pakati pemashanu nema15 microns muhupamhi uye uye inoumbwa kazhinji nemaatomu ecarbon。ndege yekutanga ine Fuselage Yakagadzirwa Nemidziyo Yezvinhu Yaive Boeing 787 Dreamliner,Iyo Yaive Neyavo Yekutanga Kutiza Muna Muna2011。Nendegedzekutengesa。nekudaro,ndege dzinoumbika dzinodhura kwazvo kugadzira kupfuura ndege yealuminium。 Uye zvakare, makomponi emakomputa kazhinji haape chinodiwa chekuchengetedza.

铝haina kungoratidza chete kukosha muaerospace indasitiri,asi zvakare nekubatana kwayo kwayo kwehuremu hwakadzika uye simba rakanyanya。Muviri Mukuru Wekutanga Wekugadzira卫星,Yakatangwa Musovien Muna,1957年,Yakagadzirwa Nealuminium Alloy。Kusvika Makumi Mapfumbamwe Kubva Muzana Ealuminium合金Muzvinhu Zvavo。铝合金Anoshandiswa Mune Fuselage Yemuchadenga inofamba,Anowanikwa Mune Mune望远镜天线Yehubble太空望远镜;matangi ehydrogen anoshandiswa mumaroketi Akagadzirwa nealuminium alloy, iyo tip yedombo rakagadzirwa nealuminium alloy, izvo zvinhu zvemotokari yekutanga uye chiteshi cheorbital, uye kumonerwa kwemagetsi ezuva Maseru - Zvese izvi zvinhu zvakagadzirwa nealuminium chiwanikwa.

Kunyangwe Iwo Akasimba-Mafuta roketi anosimudzira akagadzirwa nealuminium。Izvi Zvinowedzera,Zvinoshandiswa muchikamu chekutanga chekubhururuka kwemuchadenga,ine铝poda,氧化剂(senge inmymium perchlorate),uye binders。Semuenzaniso,Yekutanga Simba Mota Yepasirese,Iyo Saturn-5(Iyo Inogona Kutakura Matani Matani Zana Nemakumi Mana Mana emutoro Kuita Orbit),Mukati Merwendo rwayo rwayeo kutenderera 36 Matani ealuminium poda yakapiswa。

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kubatsira kukuru kwealuminium anoshandiswa muchadenga ndeyake kugona kugona kwavo kutsigira kwakadzika uye uye kwakadzika tembiricha,mitero yekuzungunusa uye uye uye hadiation。Uye Zvakare,Ivo Vane Yakaderera-tembiricha inosimbisa Zvivakwa,Zvichireva Kuti Simba Simba Ravo uye Kushanduka Zvinongowedzera zvinongowedzera sezvo sezvo tembiricha inoderera。maalloys anonyanya kushandiswa muaerospace anosanganisira musanganiswa wealuminium uye titanium,铝uye Nickel,Uye铝,铬铁铬。


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